a villain’s look may bring about discrimination off the screen

A villain’s look may bring about discrimination according to a new study. It makes sense to me. Movie villains with scars and other abnormal looks are conveying a message that those who have those looks are evil. Is it fair? No. But that message is being sent implicitly.
Of the American Film Institute’s top 10 American film villains, most had skin conditions like scars, excessive hair loss, abnormal skin color and deep wrinkles, researchers found.
“It appears that skin conditions are used in films to drive home this dichotomy between good and evil and may facilitate a tendency toward discrimination targeted at those with skin disease,” said lead author Dr. Julie Amthor Croley, of the University of Texas Medical Branch in Galveston.
Using skin conditions like scars and wrinkles for movie villains dates back to the early days of filmmaking, Croley and her colleagues write in JAMA Dermatology.
This idea was born in the era of silent movies. We needed a way to understand who was the villain and who the hero. Reuters explains the study writing:
“For the new study, the researchers compared skin features of the American Film Institute’s top 10 film villains and heroes.

Dr. Hannibal Lecter from 1991’s The Silence of the Lambs had significant hair loss, for example. And under his iconic helmet, Darth Vader in 1980’s The Empire Strikes Back had scars, deep wrinkles and dark circles around his eyes. The evil queen from 1938’s Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs also had several skin issues, including an enlarged red nose and wrinkles.

Meanwhile, only two of the top 10 film heroes had noticeable skin issues. Rocky Balboa from 1976’s Rocky had cuts and bruises from his battles. Similarly, Will Kane from 1952’s High Noon had some cuts on his face” (reuters, 2017.)
Croley said that while using flawed skin to indicate movie villains is likely ingrained from the silent movies, modern filmmakers may instinctively use those characteristics in their movies.
This bias has persisted to present day “and may foster a tendency toward prejudice in our society directed at those with skin disease,” Croley’s team wrote in their paper.
“What we hope to achieve from this study is an increased awareness among the general public, filmmakers and others,” said Croley to Reuters.

This is the ultimate healthy foods list you’ll ever need – if you have most of these things you are a health nut.

Information via the daily mail.
“The list was put together by healthy lifestyle website ‘ Healthy. Happy. Smart.

It breaks down foods by category, such as beans and pulses, dairy, and protein. By far the biggest category on the list is fruits and vegetables” (2017.)
If you can buy organic do it according to the website. They broke the list down but I am lazy. 1. Artichoke.
2. Avocado.
3. Organic carrots.
4. Blueberries.
5. Sweetcorn.
6. Dried fruit.
7. Fresh herbs.
8. Organic kiwi fruit.
9. Mango.
10. Nectarines.
11. Organic onions.
12. Papaya.
13. Organic peppers.
14. Organic strawberries.
15. Organic sweet potatoes.
16. Organic apples.
17. Organic broccoli.
18. Blackberries.
19. Organic celery.
20. Organic dates.
21. Aubergine.
22. Grapefruit.
23. Organic greens (curly kale.
24. Melon.
25. Organic mushrooms.
26. Peas.
27. Organic pears.
28. Squash (eg butternut squash.)
29. Organic tomatoes.
30. Asparagus.
31. Organic bananas.
32. Organic cauliflower.
33. Cherries.
34. Organic cucumber.
35. Organic grapes.
36. Organic garlic.
37. Organic lemons or limes.
38. Organic green beans.
39. Organic oranges.
40. Peaches.
41. Organic potatoes.
42. Organic raspberries.
43. Pineapple
44. Almond oil.
45. Flaxseed oil.
46. Sesame oil.
47. Walnut oil.
48. Organic peanut butter.
49. Almonds.
50. Chia seeds.
51. Macadamia nuts.
52. Pumpkin seeds.
53. Sunflower seeds.
54. Water chestnuts.
55. Avocado oil.
56. Olives.
57. Safflower oil.
58. Almond butter.
59. Sunflower seed butter.
60. Brazil nuts.
61. Linseed.
62. Unsalted peanuts.
63. Pine nuts.
64. Sesame seeds.
65. Coconut oil.
66. Olive oil.
67. Sunflower oil.
68. Cashew butter.
69. Tahini.
70. Cashews.
71. Hazelnuts.
72. Pecans.
73. Pistachios.
74. Walnuts.
75. Agave nectar.
76. maple syrup.
77. honey.
78. No added sugar ketchup.
79. Lime (for lime juice.
80. Coffee.
81. No added sugar mustard.
82. Vinegars Balsamic.
83. Tamari.
84. Coconut sugar.
85. Lemon (for lemon juice.
86. Green tea.
87. Organic whole milk.
88. Block of parmesan cheese.
89. Greek style yoghurt.
90. Cottage cheese.
91. Unsweetened soy milk.
92. Unsweetened almond milk.
93. Unsweetened rice milk.
94. Unsweetened coconut milk.
95. Organic whole chicken.
96. Free range eggs.
97. Wild caught salmon fillets.
98. Organic beef (organic rump steak.
99. Pork (pork loin steaks.
100. Venison (venison steaks.
101. Organic tofu.
102. Black beans.
103. Pinto beans.
104. Brown rice.
105. Basmati rice.
106. Barley.
107. Edamame beans.
108. Millet.
109. Oats.
110. Cannellini beans.
111. Adzuki beans.
112. Wild rice.
113. Jasmine rice.
114. Black eyed beans.
115. Lentils (red split lentils.
116. Whole wheat cous cous.
117. Red kidney beans.
118. Butter beans.
119. Red rice.
120. Quinoa.
121. Chickpeas.
122. Split peas.
123. Tempeh.
124. Multigrain and rye bloomer.
125. Quinoa pasta.
126. Wholemeal flour.
127. Buckwheat flour.
128. Multigrain tortillas.
129. Brown rice pasta.
130. Coconut flour.
131. Gram flour.
132. Corn tortilla.
133. Whole wheat pasta.
134. Almond flour.
135. Oat flour.

Ruhr University in Germany may have answered a question – why are we either left or right handed?

Have you ever wondered why someone is either left or right handed? No? Neither have I. Thankfully some people at Ruhr University in BOCHUM, Germany, wonder such things.
Research in the past floated a theory that your left or right hand preference may have come from the brain. The BOCHUM study thinks that it may come from the spinal cord in utero instead.
Per the UPI: The hand preference develops in utero at about eight weeks gestation and is visible in the fetus on ultrasound at around the 13th week of pregnancy. Arm and hand movements come from the motor cortex in the brain, which sends a corresponding signal to the spinal cord translating it into motion. However, the motor cortex is not connected to the spinal cord initially in human development. The connection between motor cortex and the spinal cord comes later, after precursors of handedness are apparent in utero (2017.)
Researchers analyzed gene expression in the spinal cord between eight and 12 weeks of pregnancy and found significant right-left differences in the eighth week in the parts of the spinal cord that control arm and leg movement. Researchers also traced the cause of asymmetric gene activity and found epigenetic factors that lead to enzymes bonding methyl groups to the DNA, which affects or minimizes the reading of genes. Results showed this occurs in a different way in the left and right spinal cord showing a difference in the activity of genes on both sides.

How to handle back pain from experts

Back pain is nothing to write home about. But, how do you handle it? I do not have the answer but others do.
Per CBS: “The American College of Physicians say the first line of therapy should be non-drug treatments. For pain lasting less than three months, those include heat wraps, massage, a’cup’uncture and spinal manipulation. The authors stress that clinicians should avoid costly and potentially harmful treatments like narcotics. For pain lasting more than three months, treatments include stretching and strengthening exercises, tai chi, yoga, a’cup’uncture, and mindfulness techniques like meditation to relieve stress. If those fail, anti-inflammatories such as ibuprofen should be considered first, then medications that can dull nerve pain, like tramadol or duloxetine. “Some of these treatments such as yoga or massage are often offered outside the traditional healthcare system,” said Dr. Steven Atlas of Massachusetts General Hospital, who wrote an editorial about the guidelines. “Some of these guidelines may be a shot across the bow to insurers to say that maybe we should be covering them better,” Atlas said,” (2017.) What do you think?

after study Limit teens’ Saturday-night driving, experts suggest

Most teens will not like this study out of Boston but the authors have your safety in mind. The experts advise that teens limit driving on the weekends.
“The vast majority of young people who die in alcohol-related crashes are killed on Friday and Saturday evenings,” said lead study author Dr. Scott Hadland of Boston University School of Medicine.
“Parents might consider limiting the extent to which young people drive during late hours on weekends,” Hadland added by email.
Even if youth themselves are not drinking and driving, they are more likely to be killed by adults who have been drinking and driving on weekend evenings, Hadland said.
Reuters describes how the study occurred writing: “The current study, which examined the combined impact of multiple policies to reduce drunk driving, found fatalities were much less likely in states with the toughest mix of laws.

Researchers analyzed crashes that occurred from 2000 to 2013 and involved at least one driver with a blood alcohol level of at least 0.08 percent, the legal limit in most states. For a typical adult, drinking more than one beer or glass of wine in an hour will produce a blood alcohol level above this limit.

During the study period, there were 84,756 motor vehicle crash fatalities among people 20 and younger, including 23,757 collisions involving alcohol, researchers report in Pediatrics.

People killed in these crashes were predominantly male (73 percent) and most were at least 18 years old.

Researchers also scored each state on a scale up to 100 points for having the most restrictive legal environment for drunk driving.

Policies received higher points if they were deemed more effective at curbing drunk driving and related fatalities. These included laws restricting hours for alcohol sales or limiting when teens can drive or who can be in the car with them.

Average scores ranged from a low of 24 in Iowa at the start of the study to a high of 75 in Utah near the end of the study period.

Each 10-point increase in this score was associated with 9 percent lower odds of fatalities, the study found.

One limitation of the study is that researchers lacked data to assess how well laws were enforced.

welcome health category

Normally I would put health in with the science category because science and health are linked. You need science to make health as effective as it can be. However, I thought it didn’t seem right. So, I added the health category which shares health news from across the web. I hope you will enjoy this new category as much as I do finding the stories to share with you.